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2. GRAMMAR


verb + -ing

Spelling rules for verb + -ing:
The 3 basic rules are:
1. infinitive form + -ing: be > being, go > going, send > sending, ...
2. mono-syllabic verbs (ending in consonant + vowel + consonant) double the final consonant + -ing: sit > sitting, get > getting, swim > swimming, ...
3. verbs ending in -e + -ing: have > having, live > living, write > writing, ...

In British English it is much more common to use a gerund after like, love and hate especially when you are speaking about general likes and dislikes. (However an infinitive can be used without any real difference in meaning.), e.g. I like travelling, but would like is followed by the infinitive, e.g. I would like to travel to Italy.



SOME VERBS (enjoy, finish, hate ...) + -ING


can't stand

-
-
enjoy
I enjoy listening to music.
-
-
finish
I finished getting dressed two hours ago. /
Have you finished getting dressed?
-
-
forget
I forgot doing it. (=me di cuenta que lo había hecho ya pero no recordé haberlo hecho)
forget to
I forgot to do it. (=se me olvidó hacerlo, por lo que se quedó sin hacer)
go on (=continue)
I have to go on working until 9 o'clock.
-
-
hate
He hates getting up early.
-
-
imagine



like
I like having lunch in the park.
like to

love
I love waking up on a sunny day.
love to

(don't) mind
My boyfriend doesn't mind cooking.
-
-
practise



prefer

prefer to

remember
Do you remember meeting him last year?
(= remember something after it happened)
remember to
Remember to buy the cake for her party.
(= remember to do something later)
spend (time)
He spends hours talking on the phone.
-
-
start + ing
(is more common when
we talk about a habit or
a longer activity)
I started reading Tom Sawyer's book last week.
I started working here in 1998.
When did you start playing the piano?
It started raining. (no difference in meaning)
start + to
He started to sing when the teacher was still talking.
It started to rain. (no difference in meaning)
stop
Stop talking!
-
-
try
Why don't you try doing yoga?
(= experiment with something)
try to
I'm trying to find a job, but it's very hard with the crisis.
(=to attent to do or accomplish)




When we use a veb as a noun: -ING


Waking up on a sunny morning makes me feel good.






When we use a verb after preposition: + -ING


I can enjoy reading without using an English dictionary.


It stops me from thinking about my problems.




infinitive-gerund.jpg




3. PRONUNCIATION


/ŋ/

e.g. singer, going, thanks, bank, ... in words ending in -ing or -nk.
Practise this sound by clicking here: basico1eoi/Unit 4B|Basico 1 - Unit 4B - /ŋ/ sound


4. VOCABULARY & SPEAKING


· I don't mind (doing something) = it isn't a problem for me but it isn't something I especially like doing.
· I can't stand (doing something) = is an alternative to hate.

like / dislike





5. LISTENING


To or -ing:



How do you solve


The Sound of Music - Do Re Mi Fa


Disciplined father


So long farewell


Climb every mountain


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