.



ACTIVE

PASSIVE
Present
+
You make the beds.

The beds are made by you.
Present
+
You make the bed.

The bed is made by you.
Present
+
He writes a letter.

The letter is written by him.
Present
-
She doesn't open the door.

The door isn't opened by her.
Present
?
Do they phone you?

Are you phoned by them?





Past
+
She stopped two taxis.

Two taxis were stopped by her.
Past
+
She stopped the taxi.

The taxi was stopped by her.
Past
-
I didn't win the prize.

The prize wasn't won by me.
Past
?
Did you inform her?

Was she informed by you?










Subject

I
Com.Ag.
by me.
Subject

You
Com.Ag.
by you.
Subject

He
Com.Ag.
by him.
Subject

She
Com.Ag.
by her.
Subject

It
Com.Ag.
by it.
Subject

We
Com.Ag.
by us.
Subject

You
Com.Ag.
by you.
Subject

They
Com.Ag.
by them.

Un truco: toma cuál es el tiempo verbal de la activa para formar la pasiva utilizando el verbo to be en ese tiempo verbal y luego utiliza el verbo de la oración activa en su forma de participio (3ª columna).Convierte el sujeto de la activa en Complemento Agente de la pasiva (si es un sujeto importante o conocido) y utiliza by. Por último convierte el O.D. de la activa en sujeto de la pasiva.
Es decir, en la oración You make the beds, ten en cuenta que make está en presente simple, por lo que necesitas escribir el verbo to be en presente simple (am / is / are) y el verbo make de la oración activa en participio (made). Pasa el sujeto You a Complemento Agente de la pasiva (by you), y el O.D. de la activa (the beds) en sujeto de la pasiva, por lo que oración queda en The beds are made by you.


In the active sentence, the focus is more on the person (e.g. Leonardo Da Vinci).
In the passive sentence the focus is more on the painting (e.g. Mona Lisa).

The passive is often used in English where other languages use an impersonal subject, e.g. It is said that they won't be invited to the wedding (Se dice que ...).

Passive Voice Theory


(Este video lo dejo aquí para que regreseis a verlo cuando estéis en Intermedio 1 ya que habla de tiempos verbales que no se ven este año en pasiva: Presente Continuo minuto 0:32 - 0:54; Pasado Continuo min. 1:28 - 1:51, Futuro min. 1:52 - 2:45, Present Perfecto min. 2:46 - 3:11)



Passive Voice Theory (in Spanish)



Present and Past Simple Passive Voice Theory (in Spanish). En Básico 2 sólo vemos desde el minuto 00:00 hasta el minuto 10:10 (lo siguiente no hace falta que lo visioneis)



The Passive Theory:



Activities:

Present Simple Passive Voice:
· Present Simple Passive 01
· Present Simple Passive 02
· Present Simple Passive 03

Present Simple: Active or Passive Voice?
· Present Simple: Active or Passive Voice? 01


Past Simple:
· Past Simple Passive 01
· Past Simple Passive 02
· Past Simple Passive 03

Past Simple: Active or Passive Voice?
· Past Simple: Active or Passive Voice? 01

Present Simple / Past Simple:
· Present Simple / Past Simple Passive Voice 01
· Present Simple / Past Simple Passive Voice 02

Present Simple / Past Simple: Active or Passive Voice?
· Present Simple / Past Simple: Active or Passive Voice? 01



Present Simple / Past Simple Passive Voice:



  • Passive Voice. Correct the mistakes in these passive voice sentences.
  • Passive Voice with Two Objetcs.
  • Passive Voice - Various Tenses.
  • Short Quiz on the Passive Voice. Type your answer, then press "Check". If you need help, you can click on the "Hint" button to get a free letter. Use the word in bold type as the subject whenever possible.




4. PRONUNCIATION


Remember the -ed spelling rules first:
most verbs + -ed
work > worked
- e + -ed
like > liked
- y + -ed
stay > stayed
Exception:
cons. + vow. + cons.y + -ed => -ied
study > studied
One syllable words:
cons. + vow. + cons. + (doubles last cons.) + -ed
stop > stopped



-ed Pronunciation:
1. voiced ending (all the rest
not included in 2. or 3.) + -ed = /d/

2. unvoiced ending (/k/, /p/, /f/,
/s/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/) + -ed = /t/

3. /d/ or /t/ ending + -ed /ɪd/








(/v/) arrive
arrived

/k/ - book
/k/ - ask
/k/ - bake
booked
asked
baked

/d/ - need
/d/ - attend
/d/ - decide
needed
attended
decided
(/ʒ/) change
changed

/p/ - drop
/p/ - hope
/p/ - escape
dropped
hoped
escaped

/t/ - want
/t/ - arrest
/t/ - hate
wanted
arrested
hated
(/ʊ/) - show
showed

/f/ - laugh
laughed






/s/ - pass
passed






/ʃ/ - wash
washed






// - watch
watched




The difference between 1. and 2. is very small and can only be appreciated when a verb is said in isolation or is followed by a word beginning with a vowel, e.g. I liked it.

PAST SIMPLE REGULAR VERBS PRONUNCIATION




.